These types of immigrants provide a demographic dividend by increasing the proportion of people in the workforce, thus reducing the negative impacts associated with an ageing population.
Skilled immigrants are also more likely to generate spillover benefits through enhanced productivity, innovation, and greater flexibility to move to other occupations in response to changing labour markets."
- lower immigration would lead to slower economic growth;
- lower immigration would lead to an ageing population; and
- lower immigration would lead to lower participation rates (with an adverse consequences the tax take).