One of the key drivers of immigration over the coming years will be the surge in international students.
There were already well over 300,000 over them in Australia last year, mostly based in Sydney and Melbourne, with the figure today likely to be closer to 330,000.
Here's a quick snapshot where they were studying, and where they came from by country, which is to say mainly China:
Since 2012 and the depreciating of the Aussie dollar there has been a very strong growth in the number of international students, which is expected to continue.
The visa processing rules for international students were simplified or 'streamlined' effective 1 July, and there was a huge 47 per cent year-on-year jump in education arrivals in October.
Due to term times, the big months for education arrivals are January/February and July, so it will be interesting to see if the boom is sustained at this level into the new year.
To date the official statistics for enrolments and commencements only run as far as 30 September, but over the first nine months of the year both measures are tracking at well above double digit growth rates.
Growth rates have been tracking at above 10 per cent in all of the major states, but Chinese and Indian students seem to have been flocking to Victoria in particular, this great leap another factor contributing to Melbourne's record population growth in tandem with internal interstate migration.
The number of international student enrolments has been compounding at a growth rate of 7 per cent since 2001, with the fastest growth rates being experienced in New South Wales (7 per cent) and Victoria (9 per cent).
Since 2001 most of the great absolute increases in enrolment numbers have been seen at the major Universities in Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane.