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Wednesday, 23 November 2016
Transition of WA mega-projects punches a gaping hole
Construction work flops in Q3
It was great to read the RBA speech this week which took a look around the traps at what is happening in each state, with so many familiar themes.
Construction work done fell sharply in the third quarter to the extent that up to a thumping 0.7ppts could be swiped from GDP in Q3. Owch!
Engineering construction fell for a 12th consecutive quarter, down by -3.8 per cent, almost entirely driven by Western Australia, to be down by -23.2 per cent from a year ago.
Perhaps rather more surprisingly both residential (-3.1 per cent) and non-residential building work (-10.9 per cent) fell in the quarter too.
Overall, total construction work done declined by -4.9 per cent to $46.2 billion to be -11.1 per cent below a year ago. A weak result any way you look at it!
Engineering bottoms out (except WA & NT)
Contrary to the popular narrative engineering construction work is now actually rising again in New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, the ACT, and even in Queensland, where engineering construction essentially finished its correction all the way back in December 2015.
A key point highlighted both here and by the Reserve Bank is that Queensland is far ahead of Western Australia in terms of its economic transition, with the big declines happening between 2013 and 2015, while booming tourism and education arrivals will assist the Sunshine State's rebalancing greatly.
The reason for the national decline was all about Western Australia, where quarterly engineering work done has crashed from $12.4 billion in Q2 2015 to just $5.4 billion in Q3 2016 as mega-projects such as Gorgon and Roy Hill have transitioned towards the production phase.
The good news is that this means that the capex cliff has all but run its course, except in WA where activity has some way further to fall, and to some extent in the Northern Territory which still has one major gas project due for completion.
Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane continue to enjoy the fruits of the building boom, although building work done declined somewhat in every sector in Q3 2016.
It's important to note that although all sectors saw a decline, this was from a very high base, and in annual terms building work done remains very high.
State versus state
New house building work followed recent trends in approvals to inch higher in New South Wales and Victoria, but was a bit weaker across a number of states, while house building is rather belatedly declining fast in Western Australia.
Building work done in respect of units and apartments declined everywhere except Queensland, though again it's important to note that the declines were modest and from record highs in the June quarter.
Looking at the chart in rolling annual terms puts s slightly different perspective on the widely reported 'decline'.
Outside WA, engineering construction is no longer in decline, although Ichthys LNG could slice another billion or so per quarter from construction work done in the Northern Territory upon its completion.
A point I have been highlighting for a long time now is that in Queensland engineering construction took most of its medicine some years ago now, and actually stopped declining in any meaningful way nearly a year ago now back in December 2015.
With the weakness in non-residential construction this quarter, nationally Q3 GDP could be an absolute stinker, with construction chiselling a big hole out of the quarterly result (although non-residential construction should follow approvals higher again in due course, especially in New South Wales once J. Packer gets cracking on his latest venture).
The residential building boom is operating at full capacity, and as such in aggregate has probably moved beyond its peak.
The Housing Industry Association (HIA) estimated that units and apartments construction will fall by 40 per cent from a record peak of 117,000 over the next three years, with housing starts having peaked this year at just under 230,000.
As ever, the HIA sees housing starts declining to just 172,200 by 2018/19.